The world is changing so fast it’s difficult for business owners to keep up with all the emerging threats they need to protect their business from. No doubt cybersecurity is something we are all aware of as something we need to diligent with but often don’t understand why. Most contractors are convinced that they don’t need robust cybersecurity practices because they are an “off-line” business, but that couldn’t be further from the truth.
Contractors, whether in construction, engineering, or other fields, face a range of cybersecurity threats that can compromise not only their sensitive data but also the integrity of their operations. Three primary threats stand out: phishing attacks, ransomware, and insecure networks.
Phishing Attacks: The Deceptive Threat
Phishing attacks are a type of cyber attackers attempt to trick individuals into divulging sensitive information such as usernames, passwords, or financial details. Here are few of the most common ways phishing attacks typically work:
- Email or Message: Phishing often begins with a deceptive email or message. The attacker poses as a trustworthy entity, such as a government agency, or popular online service.
- Fake Websites: If the victim clicks on the provided link, they are taken to a fake website that closely resembles the legitimate site. This could be a fake login page where the attacker collects usernames and passwords.
- Social Engineering: The email or message usually contains urgent or enticing language to manipulate the recipient’s emotions. It might claim there’s a security issue, a need to update account information, or an enticing offer.
To combat phishing attacks, contractors should prioritize employee training. Conduct regular workshops on identifying phishing attempts and emphasize the importance of verifying unexpected or suspicious communications directly with the supposed sender. Implementing email filtering tools can also add an extra layer of protection against phishing threats.
Ransomware: Holding Data Hostage
Ransomware is a malicious software that encrypts a contractor’s files, rendering them inaccessible until a ransom is paid. This threat has become increasingly prevalent, targeting businesses of all sizes.
The key steps in a typical ransomware attack include:
- Infection: The malware gains access to a computer or network, often through phishing emails, malicious links, or exploiting vulnerabilities in software.
- Encryption: Once inside, the ransomware encrypts the victim’s files, making them unreadable without the decryption key. This can include documents, images, videos, and other important data.
- Ransom Demand: After encrypting the files, the attackers display a ransom note, informing the victim that their files will only be decrypted if they pay a specified amount of money, usually in cryptocurrency like Bitcoin.
- Payment: The victim is instructed on how to make the payment to the attackers. In some cases, there may be a deadline, and the ransom amount may increase if the victim doesn’t pay within a certain timeframe.
- Decryption (or not): If the victim decides to pay the ransom, they may receive the decryption key to restore their files. However, there is no guarantee that the attackers will fulfill their end of the bargain, and paying the ransom encourages further criminal activity.
To combat a ransomware attack, regularly back up critical data to an external and secure location. In the event of a ransomware attack, having access to clean backup files can mitigate the impact. Additionally, investing in robust cybersecurity software that includes anti-ransomware features can help detect and prevent such attacks.
Insecure Networks: The Weak Link
Insecure networks pose a significant threat to contractors, especially those who frequently operate in diverse locations, such as construction sites. Connecting to unsecured networks exposes sensitive data to potential interception by cybercriminals.
You can employ a Virtual Private Network (VPN) solutions to encrypt data transmitted over public networks, making it harder for malicious actors to intercept. Additionally, establish strict network security protocols for on-site operations, ensuring that all connected devices adhere to the highest cybersecurity standards.
In conclusion, contractors must be vigilant against the most common cybersecurity threats to protect their data, reputation, and operations. Phishing attacks, ransomware, and insecure networks represent tangible risks, but with awareness, education, and proactive measures, contractors can significantly enhance their cybersecurity posture.
If you’d like to see how The Bunker can help you manage your risk, please click here to schedule a discovery call. We look forward to helping you move from danger to a safe place, with The Bunker.